Over the years the Cape has been occupied by different countries and there was always a threat of an invasion because of the Cape's strategic location. Because of this a big number of defensive positions have been set up all around the Cape Peninsula from the time that the first European's colonised the area. One of these can be seen at the top of Kloof Nek. Two 12 Pounder Guns were placed on Kloof Nek in 1782 by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) to defend the settlement near the Castle from attack by a force which could land on the beach at Camps Bay. The cannons would have been able to control the wagon track which led from Camps Bay to the Castle via Kloof Nek.